The orange tree (Citrus sinensis) is a species of an evergreen tree in the citrus family. The fruit is a hesperidium, typically round or spherical in shape, and ranges in size from about 2.5 to 8 centimeters in diameter. Oranges are a rich source of vitamin C and other nutrients, and are commonly eaten fresh, juiced, or used to flavor a wide variety of food and drink products.
In India, oranges are known as “santara” in Hindi, “naranga” in Malayalam, “santre” in Punjabi, “santra” in Bengali, “santra” in Marathi, “santra” in Oriya, “santra” in Urdu, “madhu manaka” in Telugu, “madhura narangha” in Tamil and “madhura neeru” in Kannada. There are different types of oranges that are grown in India, but some of the most popular varieties include:
- Mosambi: Also known as “sweet lime,” this variety is known for its sweet and juicy flesh.
- Kaghzi: This variety is known for its thin and delicate skin and is considered to be one of the sweetest oranges.
- Jaffa: This variety is known for its deep orange color and sweet taste.
- Blood Orange: This variety is known for its dark red flesh and tart taste.
- Navel Orange: This variety is known for its seedless and easy to peel nature, making it a popular choice for eating fresh.
- Valencia Orange: This variety is known for its juicy, sweet taste and is commonly used for juicing.
These are the most common names of oranges in India, the names may vary from region to region.
Oranges are a rich source of various vitamins and minerals, making them a great addition to a healthy diet. Some of the potential health benefits of oranges include:
- Vitamin C: Oranges are an excellent source of Vitamin C, which is an essential nutrient that helps to boost the immune system, protect against infections, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
- Fiber: Oranges are a good source of dietary fiber, which is important for maintaining a healthy digestive system and regulating blood sugar levels.
- Antioxidants: Oranges contain antioxidants such as flavonoids and carotenoids, which help to protect the body against damage from free radicals, which can lead to chronic diseases like cancer and heart disease.
- Blood Pressure: Oranges contains potassium which helps to regulate blood pressure and also it has been linked to a decreased risk of heart disease.
- Cancer: Some studies have suggested that the antioxidants in oranges may help to protect against certain types of cancer, including lung cancer and breast cancer.
- Cholesterol: Oranges contain compounds that may help to lower cholesterol levels, which in turn can reduce the risk of heart disease.
These health benefits can be obtained by consuming oranges, juice or by any other way, but it is always important to consume them in moderation and as part of a balanced diet. Also, it is important to note that more research is needed to confirm these potential health benefits and to understand the optimal intake of oranges for health.
Orange Uses in Home Remedies
Oranges have many beneficial properties that can be used in home remedies for various ailments. Here are a few examples of home remedies using oranges:
- Cold and Flu: Oranges are high in Vitamin C, which can help to boost the immune system and fight off cold and flu symptoms. To make a natural remedy, mix the juice of one orange with honey and a pinch of pepper, and drink it three times a day.
- Skin care: Orange peel can be used to make a face pack for oily skin. Mix orange peel powder with yogurt or honey to make a paste, and apply it to your face for 15-20 minutes. Rinse it off with water, and pat dry.
- Dental care: Orange peel can be used to whiten teeth and freshen breath. Simply rub the inside of a fresh orange peel on your teeth for a minute or two, and then brush your teeth as usual.
- Constipation: Orange juice is a natural laxative and can help to relieve constipation. Simply drink a glass of fresh orange juice in the morning, on an empty stomach.
- Digestive issues: Orange peel can be used to relieve digestive problems like bloating and gas. Simply dry the orange peel, powder it and add it to tea or coffee.
- Dandruff: Orange peel can be used to get rid of dandruff. Mix orange peel powder with yogurt or coconut oil and apply it to the scalp. Leave it on for 30 minutes before washing it off with a mild shampoo.
- Insomnia: Orange peel can be used to promote sleep. Boil a few pieces of orange peel in water, strain the liquid and drink it before going to bed.
- Hair care: Orange juice can be used as a natural hair conditioner. Massage fresh orange juice into your hair, leave it on for 15 minutes, and then rinse it off with water.
- Wound healing: Orange peel can be used to speed up the healing of wounds. Mix orange peel powder with honey to make a paste, and apply it to the wound.
These are just a few examples of how oranges can be used in home remedies, It is important to note that these remedies are not scientifically proven and may not be suitable for everyone, so it’s best to consult a doctor or a health professional if you have any concerns or side-effects after using remedies.